Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 8(5), pp. 1127 - 1135
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2020.080539
Reprint (PDF) (1358Kb)

Sustainable Hospital Architecture - Potential of Underground Spaces

Irina Bulakh 1,*, Iryna Merylova 2
1 Department of Design Architectural Environment, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
2 Department of Architectural and Urban Planning, State Higher Education Establishment “Pridneprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture”, Dnipro, Ukraine


The article is a part of the study devoted to the urban planning of healthcare system spatial development, hospitals in particular. The research is based on systemic and integrated analysis. A number of case studies are provided. The article addresses topical issues of possible ways to improve environmental friendliness, energy efficiency and harmonization with the natural and artificial environment of health care facilities, which will contribute together to a sustainable vector of architectural development. One of the newest and most promising ways of architectural development of medical institutions is associated with the active integration of the potential use of underground space into the design of hospitals. The article considers the best experience of designing hospital buildings in which the underground space performs various functions, as well as a number of practical techniques aimed at balancing the uncomfortable feeling of "underground" of the premises located in the basement. The following progressive directions of using underground spaces in the design of modern hospitals have been identified, described and analyzed: underground location of rooms for patients, staff and technical purposes. The proposed approach allows: reduction of the perimeter of a building, which interacts with changing climatic conditions; natural stable temperature; potential use of different types of heat pumps as a "green" means of increasing heat energy (soil, ambient air and groundwater); noise reduction from the environment; using the area of the entire land plot with a significant underground extension.

Architecture and Urban Planning, Underground Space, Hospital Design, Atrium, Courtyard, Hospital Energy Efficiency

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Irina Bulakh , Iryna Merylova , "Sustainable Hospital Architecture - Potential of Underground Spaces," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 1127 - 1135, 2020. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2020.080539.

(b). APA Format:
Irina Bulakh , Iryna Merylova (2020). Sustainable Hospital Architecture - Potential of Underground Spaces. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 8(5), 1127 - 1135. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2020.080539.