### Journals Information

**
Mathematics and Statistics Vol. 8(5), pp. 506 - 519 DOI: 10.13189/ms.2020.080503 Reprint (PDF) (783Kb) **

## Test Efficiency Analysis of Parametric, Nonparametric, Semiparametric Regression in Spatial Data

**Diah Ayu Widyastuti ^{*}, Adji Achmad Rinaldo Fernandes , Henny Pramoedyo , Nurjannah , Solimun **

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Brawijaya University, Indonesia

**ABSTRACT**

Regression analysis has three approaches in estimating the regression curve, namely: parametric, nonparametric, and semiparametric approaches. Several studies have discussed modeling with the three approaches in cross-section data, where observations are assumed to be independent of each other. In this study, we propose a new method for estimating parametric, nonparametric, and semiparametric regression curves in spatial data. Spatial data states that at each point of observation has coordinates that indicate the position of the observation, so between observations are assumed to have different variations. The model developed in this research is to accommodate the influence of predictor variables on the response variable globally for all observations, as well as adding coordinates at each observation point locally. Based on the value of Mean Square Error (MSE) as the best model selection criteria, the results are obtained that modeling with a nonparametric approach produces the smallest MSE value. So this application data is more precise if it is modeled by the nonparametric truncated spline approach. There are eight possible models formed in this research, and the nonparametric model is better than the parametric model, because the MSE value in the nonparametric model is smaller. As for the semiparametric regression model that is formed, it is obtained that the variable X_{2} is a parametric component while X_{1} and X_{3} are the nonparametric components (Model 2). The regression curve estimation model with a nonparametric approach tends to be more efficient than Model 2 because the linearity assumption test results show that the relationship of all the predictor variables to the response variable shows a non-linear relationship. So in this study, spatial data that has a non-linear relationship between predictor variables and responses tends to be better modeled with a nonparametric approach.

**KEYWORDS**

Parametric, Nonparametric, Spatial, Semiparametric, Heteroscedasticity

**Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles**

(a). IEEE Format:

[1] Diah Ayu Widyastuti , Adji Achmad Rinaldo Fernandes , Henny Pramoedyo , Nurjannah , Solimun , "Test Efficiency Analysis of Parametric, Nonparametric, Semiparametric Regression in Spatial Data," Mathematics and Statistics, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 506 - 519, 2020. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2020.080503.

(b). APA Format:

Diah Ayu Widyastuti , Adji Achmad Rinaldo Fernandes , Henny Pramoedyo , Nurjannah , Solimun (2020). Test Efficiency Analysis of Parametric, Nonparametric, Semiparametric Regression in Spatial Data. Mathematics and Statistics, 8(5), 506 - 519. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2020.080503.