Mathematics and Statistics Vol. 8(4), pp. 416 - 423
DOI: 10.13189/ms.2020.080407
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3-Vertex Friendly Index Set of Graphs

Girija K. P. , Devadas Nayak C *, Sabitha D’Souza , Pradeep G. Bhat
Department of Mathematics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India


Graph labeling is an assignment of integers to the vertices or the edges, or both, subject to certain conditions. In literature we find several labelings such as graceful, harmonious, binary, friendly, cordial, ternary and many more. A friendly labeling is a binary mapping such that where and represents number of vertices labeled by 1 and 0 respectively. For each edge assign the label , then the function f is cordial labeling of G if and , where and are the number of edges labeled 1 and 0 respectively. A friendly index set of a graph is { runs over all f riendly labeling f of G} and it is denoted by FI(G). A mapping is called ternary vertex labeling and represents the vertex label for . In this article, we extend the concept of ternary vertex labeling to 3-vertex friendly labeling and define 3-vertex friendly index set of graphs. The set runs over all 3 ? vertex f riendly labeling f f or all is referred as 3-vertex friendly index set. In order to achieve , number of vertices are partitioned into such that for all with and la- bel the edge by where . In this paper, we study the 3-vertex friendly index sets of some standard graphs such as complete graph Kn, path Pn, wheel graph Wn, complete bipartite graph Km,n and cycle with parallel chords PCn.

Friendly Labeling, Ternary Vertex Labeling, 3-Vertex Friendly Labeling, 3-Vertex Friendly Index Set

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Girija K. P. , Devadas Nayak C , Sabitha D’Souza , Pradeep G. Bhat , "3-Vertex Friendly Index Set of Graphs," Mathematics and Statistics, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 416 - 423, 2020. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2020.080407.

(b). APA Format:
Girija K. P. , Devadas Nayak C , Sabitha D’Souza , Pradeep G. Bhat (2020). 3-Vertex Friendly Index Set of Graphs. Mathematics and Statistics, 8(4), 416 - 423. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2020.080407.