Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 8(6), pp. 2397 - 2405
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080624
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Development of Problem-Solving Efficacy Scales in Mathematics


Januard D. Dagdag 1,*, Oscar C. Anoling Jr. 1, Ryan P. Salviejo 1, Jefferson F. Pascual 1, Jeneca Mae H. Dagdag 2
1 College of Education, Isabela State University, Philippines
2 Department of Education, Division of Isabela, Philippines

ABSTRACT

The capacity of self-efficacy to promote students' better performance in mathematics highlights the importance of measuring and ensuring mathematics problem-solving efficacy among students. Despite a number of existing questionnaires on problem-solving efficacy, however, a valid and reliable scale that is customized in the context of Filipino students enrolled in mathematics classes is yet to be developed and validated. Hence, this research is an attempt to facilitate the academic achievement of students enrolled in Mathematics in the Modern World course in Philippine higher education institutions by developing the Mathematics Problem-Solving Efficacy Scales (MPES) using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). This study met all the assumptions (e. g. sample size, ratio of respondents to variables, factorability of data set) and followed the strict procedures of EFA (e. g. parallel analysis, choosing the right rotation). The results partly agreed with Bandura's self-efficacy theory where mathematics problem-solving efficacy had four factors; namely, verbal persuasions, somatic responses, vicarious experiences, and mastery experiences. However, unlike previous findings, the current study revealed that verbal persuasions (R2 = 23.65%) and somatic responses (R2 = 20.0%) explained much greater amount of variance than vicarious (R2 = 9.78%) and mastery experiences (R2 = 4.77%). The four-factor solution accounts satisfactorily for 58.19% of the total variance. Similarly, the Cronbach alpha reliability coefficients of the factors ranged from .717 to .925. These findings suggest that the developed MPES consisting of four subscales is both structurally valid and reliable.

KEYWORDS
Problem-solving Efficacy, Scales, Factor Analysis, Mathematics, Component, Self-Efficacy

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Januard D. Dagdag , Oscar C. Anoling Jr. , Ryan P. Salviejo , Jefferson F. Pascual , Jeneca Mae H. Dagdag , "Development of Problem-Solving Efficacy Scales in Mathematics," Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 2397 - 2405, 2020. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080624.

(b). APA Format:
Januard D. Dagdag , Oscar C. Anoling Jr. , Ryan P. Salviejo , Jefferson F. Pascual , Jeneca Mae H. Dagdag (2020). Development of Problem-Solving Efficacy Scales in Mathematics. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(6), 2397 - 2405. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080624.