Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 8(5), pp. 1821 - 1830
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080518
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School Participation Empowerment Scale (SPES) Adaptation for Teachers in Malaysia


Suhaili Mohd Yusoff 1,2,*, Tengku Faekah Tengku Ariffin 1, Mohd Muslim Md Zalli 1,3
1 School of Education and Modern Languages, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
2 Scholarship & Finance Division, Ministry of Education Malaysia, 63000 Cyberjaya, Malaysia
3 Faculty of Human Development, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tg. Malim, Perak, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Teacher empowerment is increasingly gaining attention among scholars and practitioners across educational contexts due to positive outcomes, especially for school effectiveness in general. Teachers should be empowered to improve their efficiency and professionalism based on their capabilities towards achieving an enhanced teacher workplace and well-being in schools. Therefore, this study validated the measurement model of teacher empowerment as a result of a modification in the School Participation Empowerment Scale (SPES) developed by Short and Rinehart (1992). Three items were removed due to the difference in culture, while 35 of the items were retained and modified. The questionnaires were distributed to 371 respondents using multi-stage sampling. These respondents were secondary school teachers from the state of Kelantan. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in Structural Equation Modelling in AMOS version 24 was employed to assess the fitness of the measurement model. The results showed that fitness indexes achieved the level of acceptance (RMSEA = .066, CFI = .926, TLI = .920, ChiSq / df = 2.611). Therefore, this model is suitable for the teacher empowerment construct. This study hopes to be of use in future research on teacher empowerment that could bring further improvement in school effectiveness.

KEYWORDS
Teacher Empowerment, School Effectiveness, Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Malaysia

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Suhaili Mohd Yusoff , Tengku Faekah Tengku Ariffin , Mohd Muslim Md Zalli , "School Participation Empowerment Scale (SPES) Adaptation for Teachers in Malaysia," Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 1821 - 1830, 2020. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080518.

(b). APA Format:
Suhaili Mohd Yusoff , Tengku Faekah Tengku Ariffin , Mohd Muslim Md Zalli (2020). School Participation Empowerment Scale (SPES) Adaptation for Teachers in Malaysia. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(5), 1821 - 1830. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080518.