Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 8(2), pp. 46 - 54
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2020.080202
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High-Performance Concretes Intended for Deep Foundations of Constructions

Martin Tazky *, Rudolf Hela
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic


The term high-performance concrete (HPC) can be used to classify any concrete mixture that possesses some added value. One such category of concrete is concrete mixtures used in pile foundation, which must only allow a low degree of water separation (bleeding). The basic components of production of these concretes with high utility properties include the usability of active and passive admixtures and their mutual combinations. As part of this research, analysis of aspects affecting water separation from fresh concrete mixture, including dosing, and the type of individual raw materials, was performed. This article aims to utilise these results to analyse the impact of individual components and to provide a comprehensive theory for how to optimise the design of low-bleeding HPC based on the appropriate selection and mixing ratio of cement and admixture. A set of different raw materials and the effect of their mutual mixing ratios on bleeding and other mechanical and physical parameters of produced mixtures were verified. The results of this experiment demonstrate the clear relationship between the amount of binders up to size 0.25 mm and amount of water that separates under pressure. Very important aspect is morphology of grains used binders. These knowledge of realized experiment could be easily applied into the practise, same as designed methodology of usage combination of active and passive admixtures to create a maximum cement matrix compaction.

High-Performance Concrete, Deep Foundation, Bleeding, Packing

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Martin Tazky , Rudolf Hela , "High-Performance Concretes Intended for Deep Foundations of Constructions," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 46 - 54, 2020. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2020.080202.

(b). APA Format:
Martin Tazky , Rudolf Hela (2020). High-Performance Concretes Intended for Deep Foundations of Constructions. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 8(2), 46 - 54. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2020.080202.