Universal Journal of Plant Science Vol. 8(1), pp. 11 - 16
DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2020.080102
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Anatomical and Biochemical Studies of Solanum melongena and Solanum nigrum


Okeke Philomena N *, Ilodibia Chinyere V , Ngene Anita C , Iroka Finian C Aziagba Bibian O
Department of Botany, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Anatomical, mineral and nutritional studies were carried out on various parts of Solanum nigrum and Solanum melongena using standard techniques. Analysis of variance was employed for data analysis. Anatomical studies showed that the two species have similar features in the transverse sections of their leaves and stem but have dissimilar features in the transverse sections of their roots. The mineral result revealed varying quantities of the minerals in the various parts of the two species. The highest mineral composition in S. melongena was selenium (1030.0± 10.0) which was found in the root, while potassium (2.75±1.59) which was found in the stem was the least. The highest mineral composition in S. nigrum was calcium (873.33±16.67) which was found in the leaves, while potassium was the least (2.26± 0.55) found in the root. Vitamin studied showed varying quantities of the vitamins in the various parts of the two species. The highest vitamin was vitamin A in the root of both species when compared to the other parts. The implication is that the two species are closely related and this justified their placement in the same genus Solanum while the slight difference between them supports their separation into different species. The result also indicated that the various part of the two species contained adequate amount of vitamins and minerals for human consumption.

KEYWORDS
Anatomical, Mineral, Vitamins, Solanum melongena, Solanum nigrum

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Okeke Philomena N , Ilodibia Chinyere V , Ngene Anita C , Iroka Finian C Aziagba Bibian O , "Anatomical and Biochemical Studies of Solanum melongena and Solanum nigrum," Universal Journal of Plant Science, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 11 - 16, 2020. DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2020.080102.

(b). APA Format:
Okeke Philomena N , Ilodibia Chinyere V , Ngene Anita C , Iroka Finian C Aziagba Bibian O (2020). Anatomical and Biochemical Studies of Solanum melongena and Solanum nigrum. Universal Journal of Plant Science, 8(1), 11 - 16. DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2020.080102.