Universal Journal of Public Health Vol. 7(5), pp. 201 - 206
DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2019.070502
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Thyroid Uptake of Tc-99m and Its Agreement with I-131 for Evaluation of Hyperthyroid Function


M Ohiduzzaman 1,*, R Khatun 2, S Reza 3, M A Kadir 4, S Akter 2, M F Uddin 5, M A Rahman 5, R Mallick 1, M A Samad 1, M M Billah 1, M M Ahasan 5
1 Department of Physics, Jashore University of Science & Technology, Bangladesh
2 Medical Physics Division, Atomic Energy Centre, Bangladesh
3 Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences, Bangladesh
4 Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
5 Institute of Nuclear Medical Physics, BAEC, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT

Thyroid uptake and scintigraphy using Tc-99m pertechnetate has proven to be more advantageous than with I-131 iodide, since the images have better quality, the procedure is faster and the patient is submitted to a lower radiation dose. Tc-99m has been used worldwide to study the thyroid function because of a number of advantages such as short half-life, short biological half-life, short effective half-life, short retention in gland and no Beta (β-) radiation, providing low dose to gland (10,000 times less than that of I-131), low cost and readily availability. Otherwise, I-131 with its high radiation burden (1-3 rad/mCi) has long half-life and causes Beta (β-) particle emission. Its main gamma photon has high energy (364 keV) which also causes poor image quality. The experiment is carried out at the Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS), Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka Medical College Hospital Campus, Dhaka-1000. In the present work, the study consists of 109 patients (76 female and 33 male) with ages ranging from 14 to 66 years. The patients studied with Tc-99m found to be hyperthyroid of 57 and in case of I-131, the findings were 60. The agreement between I-131 and Tc-99m is 95% and the correlation coefficient, r between Tc-99m & I-131 is = 0.879, which indicates strong correlation between them. So, it is statistically significant and makes a good agreement. The outcome of this study may provide valuable information about thyroid treatment and also may play important role in the management of thyroid patient.

KEYWORDS
Thyroid, Gamma Camera, Radioisotope, Uptake, Scintigraphy, Nuclear Medicine

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] M Ohiduzzaman , R Khatun , S Reza , M A Kadir , S Akter , M F Uddin , M A Rahman , R Mallick , M A Samad , M M Billah , M M Ahasan , "Thyroid Uptake of Tc-99m and Its Agreement with I-131 for Evaluation of Hyperthyroid Function," Universal Journal of Public Health, Vol. 7, No. 5, pp. 201 - 206, 2019. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2019.070502.

(b). APA Format:
M Ohiduzzaman , R Khatun , S Reza , M A Kadir , S Akter , M F Uddin , M A Rahman , R Mallick , M A Samad , M M Billah , M M Ahasan (2019). Thyroid Uptake of Tc-99m and Its Agreement with I-131 for Evaluation of Hyperthyroid Function. Universal Journal of Public Health, 7(5), 201 - 206. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2019.070502.