### Journals Information

Universal Journal of Mechanical Engineering Vol. 7(4), pp. 231 - 239
DOI: 10.13189/ujme.2019.070412
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## Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Coupled Mass Transfer and Mechanical Processes in Ceramic Ware at Industrial Drying

Nina Penkova 1,*, Petar Chervenliev 2, Boian Mladenov 1, Kalin Krumov 1
1 Department of Silicate Technology, Faculty of Metallurgy and Material Science, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, Bulgaria
2 Wienerberger LTD, Bulgaria

ABSTRACT

An algorithm for numerical simulation of transient moisture content fields and mechanical processes in ceramic ware at drying in industrial aggregates is developed. It is based on mathematical models of the mass transfer and mechanical behavior in the ceramic bodies, data for the drying regime and physical properties of the material as function of water content. The models allow variations of the drying conditions in order to choice the most efficient regime at existing or design dryers. The algorithm is applied for a direct coupled finite element analysis of wet bricks behavior in continuous working drying installation. The shrinkage mode, modulus of elasticity, Poisson ratio, modulus of rupture, effective mass transfer coefficient and critical moisture content are determined by experimental tests of the material. They are used to simulate numerically three-dimensional moisture, stress and strain fields in ceramic bodies at the existing drying regime. Ways for improvement of the models and their application for estimation of the potential for energy savings in industrial dryers are discussed.

KEYWORDS
Industrial Dryers, Ceramics, Mass Transfer, Shrinkage, FEM, Couple Field Analyses

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Nina Penkova , Petar Chervenliev , Boian Mladenov , Kalin Krumov , "Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Coupled Mass Transfer and Mechanical Processes in Ceramic Ware at Industrial Drying," Universal Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 231 - 239, 2019. DOI: 10.13189/ujme.2019.070412.

(b). APA Format:
Nina Penkova , Petar Chervenliev , Boian Mladenov , Kalin Krumov (2019). Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Coupled Mass Transfer and Mechanical Processes in Ceramic Ware at Industrial Drying. Universal Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 7(4), 231 - 239. DOI: 10.13189/ujme.2019.070412.