Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 7(2), pp. 42 - 48
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2019.070202
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Fuzziness over Randomness in Unforeseen Works of Construction Projects

Jarosław Konior *
Department of Construction Technology and Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland


A new approach to distinguish construction management models by uncertain and fuzzy states has been presented and laid out in the paper. Supplementing well recognised practical models of project and construction management, based on probabilistic and fuzzy events may make possible to transfer the weight of the change and extra orders assessment from the qualitative form to a quantitative one. This assessment, however, is naturally burdened with an immeasurable, subjective aspect. Elaboration of probability of occurrence in a construction project unforeseen building works requires application (in addition to the non - measurable, qualitative criteria) of measurable (quantitative) criteria which still appear during construction project implementation. In reimbursable engineering contracts, a random event described as an extra, supplementary building work has a random character and occurs with a specific likelihood. In lump sum contracts, on the other hand, such a random event has a fuzzy character and its occurrence is defined in a linear manner by the function of affiliation to the set of fuzzy events being identical with unforeseen events. The strive for quantitative presentation of criteria regarded by nature as qualitative and the intention to determine relations between them led to the application of the fuzzy sets theory to this issue. Their properties enable description of the unforeseen works of construction projects in an unambiguous, quantitative way. In 19 considered construction projects the lump sum from of engineering contracts are in majority, therefore, it is so crucial to apply fuzzy sets models with their fuzzy tools which makes possible to quantify of construction projects unforeseen works as indicated in research presented in the paper. The random event for fixed fee contracts as an unforeseen building work has a fuzzy character and its occurrence is defined by a linear function of affiliation in the set of fuzzy events identical with the unforeseen events. Such fuzzy relations between faults of construction projects with impacted unforeseen works have been precisely determined in the presented research findings.

Construction Projects, Unforeseen Works, Randomness, Fuzziness

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Jarosław Konior , "Fuzziness over Randomness in Unforeseen Works of Construction Projects," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 42 - 48, 2019. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2019.070202.

(b). APA Format:
Jarosław Konior (2019). Fuzziness over Randomness in Unforeseen Works of Construction Projects. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 7(2), 42 - 48. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2019.070202.