Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 6(6), pp. 269 - 282
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2018.060601
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Evaluating Neighborhoods Developed Open Spaces in Khartoum-Sudan

Zuhal Eltayeb Awad *
Department of Architecture and Physical Planning, Institute of Building and Road Research, University of Khartoum, Sudan


The research reported in this paper, evaluated development of open areas in neighborhoods. The research was performed in the new neighborhoods in Khartoum town (Al Riyadh (1972), Nasr Extension (1972) and Al Mujahedeen (1988), compared to older neighborhoods (Khartoum -2 (1950), Al Diyum (1953), and Alamarat (1958)). The research aimed to study open spaces in these neighborhoods. Compared with characteristics of the selected neighborhoods, classified developed open spaces and evaluated the performance of each typology, the research promoted measurable development indicators such as availability, accessibility, safety and management. Then apply these indicators to analyze developed open spaces. The results confirmed a lack of a comprehensive development programs. The developed open spaces are 35 with total area of 154,050 m2 which represent only 27.6 % of the total number of open spaces. The research found that old neighborhoods have higher index of sufficiency value than new neighborhoods e.g. Khartoum (2) (8.9) compared to Al-Mujahdeen (5.2). Also, first class residential areas have higher index value than third class areas e.g. Khartoum -2 (8.9) compared to Al-Diyum (7.7). The successful types of developed open spaces of the surveyed neighborhoods are Recreational open spaces and Community centers. Most of them are managed by community groups (public participation).

Neighborhoods, Open Spaces, Measurable Indicators, Development

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Zuhal Eltayeb Awad , "Evaluating Neighborhoods Developed Open Spaces in Khartoum-Sudan," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 269 - 282, 2018. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2018.060601.

(b). APA Format:
Zuhal Eltayeb Awad (2018). Evaluating Neighborhoods Developed Open Spaces in Khartoum-Sudan. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 6(6), 269 - 282. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2018.060601.