Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(5), pp. 173 - 180
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2018.060505
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Heavy Metals Toxicity and Associated Health Risks in Vegetables Grown under Soil Irrigated with Sewage Water


Fariha Jabeen , Afifa Aslam *
Department of Environmental Sciences & Engineering, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

Use of waste water for vegetables irrigation has become a frequent practice approximately in all the big cities. Waste water enrich with inorganic and organic material that are crucial for the growth of plant but also comprises heavy metals which might be detrimental for animals and humans if their concentration increases than tolerable limit. To monitor this state, a study was planned to determine the accumulation of heavy metals through the irrigation of waste water into the agricultural fields and their translocation into the vegetables. The analysis showed that most of the water and soil samples contained the heavy metals concentration was above the safe limit set by WHO and FAO. Although the samples having heavy metals within the safe limit were also couldn't be as safer when regularly used. They may cause on the other hand, in vegetable, almost all the edible part and leaf of vegetables sample were contaminated and heavy metals accumulation was higher than the recommended limits of WHO/FAO. Such a high concentration when consumed by human beings may cause loss of arthritis, headache, appetite, hypertension, exhaustion, renal dysfunction, intestinal pain, hallucinations, restlessness and vertigo. Noticeable ingestion of heavy metals by children and adults were also found in the results through the consumption of vegetables irrigated with sewage water of the area.

KEYWORDS
Heavy Metals, Lead (Pb), Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe), Wastewater, Health Risks

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Fariha Jabeen , Afifa Aslam , "Heavy Metals Toxicity and Associated Health Risks in Vegetables Grown under Soil Irrigated with Sewage Water," Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 6, No. 5, pp. 173 - 180, 2018. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2018.060505.

(b). APA Format:
Fariha Jabeen , Afifa Aslam (2018). Heavy Metals Toxicity and Associated Health Risks in Vegetables Grown under Soil Irrigated with Sewage Water. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(5), 173 - 180. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2018.060505.