### Journals Information

Universal Journal of Computational Mathematics(CEASE PUBLICATION) Vol. 6(1), pp. 6 - 10
DOI: 10.13189/ujcmj.2018.060102
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## Optimal Families of Eighth-Order Convergent Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations Based on Ostrowsk's Method

N.M. Alrasheedi , I.A. Alsubiahi *
Department of mathematics, Science College, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACT

Solving nonlinear equations is one of the most important problems in numerical analysis, and has a wide range of application in various aspects, as well as many branches of science, engineering, physics, computing, astronomy, finance, .. . Generally, it is difficult to find the exact root of the nonlinear equations, and so iterative methods become the efficient way to obtain approximate solutions. Recently Kou et. al. presented a class of new variants of Ostrowski's method with order of convergence equals seven (OSM7) for solving simple roots of nonlinear equations proposed in [7]. Ostrowski's method (OSM7) has efficiency index equals to ∜7≈1.626, it has four functions per iteration but its order of convergence is seven that means it's not optimal method. In this paper, we have proposed new two improvements of Ostrowski's method (OSM7) to make it an optimal eight family and to increase its efficiency index. The first improvement has obtained by multiplied the third step of (OSM7) by product of two weight functions with some special conditions and the second improvement has obtained by multiplied the third step of (OSM7) by summation of two others weigh functions with special conditions, too. Using weight functions in every improvement helped us to improve the order of convergence of (OSM7) from seven to eight without changing the number of function evaluations to be an optimal family. New two optimal families have efficiency index equals to ∜8≈1.682. Some numerical examples are provided to show the good performance of the new methods.

KEYWORDS
Convergence Order, Efficiency Index, Iterative Method, Nonlinear Equation

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] N.M. Alrasheedi , I.A. Alsubiahi , "Optimal Families of Eighth-Order Convergent Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations Based on Ostrowsk's Method," Universal Journal of Computational Mathematics(CEASE PUBLICATION), Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 6 - 10, 2018. DOI: 10.13189/ujcmj.2018.060102.

(b). APA Format:
N.M. Alrasheedi , I.A. Alsubiahi (2018). Optimal Families of Eighth-Order Convergent Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations Based on Ostrowsk's Method. Universal Journal of Computational Mathematics(CEASE PUBLICATION), 6(1), 6 - 10. DOI: 10.13189/ujcmj.2018.060102.