Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 6(4), pp. 212 - 226
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2018.060404
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Public Places from Past to Future, Berlin: Pariser Platz & Potsdamer Platz Istanbul Taksim Republican Square Examples

Can Turan 1,*, Ebru Erdonmez Dincer 2
1 Harem Iskele Cad. No:9/3 Uskudar, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Faculty of Architecture, Yıldız Technical University Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey


As a result of the global cultural, economic and social events of recent years, the definition and utilization of public spaces have again become a matter of debate. Public spaces are basically places where people living in the city come together and meet. Additionally, they also have always been playing an important role in reorganization and development process of societies and cities. For centuries, city squares have been the most important public spaces of the cities. As well as being urban spaces, city squares are significant architectural elements in terms of representation of their surrounding structures. To the present day, city squares have been transformed by the ruling authorities and their different ideologies. In this study, two major squares in Berlin, Pariser Platz and Potsdamer Platz; and one square in Istanbul were selected for the case study. Located in the centre of Berlin, between Brandenburg Gate and Unter den Linden, Pariser Platz was the largest square of the city before World War II. But after the war, following the construction of the Wall, the square turned into an idle space. The Potsdamer Platz is also located in the centre of the city and in only 1 km south of the Pariser Platz. But these two squares different from each other strongly in terms of their structures and features. For instance, Pariser Platz is a dominant and closed square, whereas Potsdamer Platz is a point streets are directed towards. Since the days the city was being developed, these two squares preserved their identities with their different typologies over the course of history presenting World War II, the era of National Socialism and the erection of the Wall, to the present day. In regard to significance, the last square to be examined, located in Istanbul Taksim, can be considered as important as the city of Istanbul itself. With its long history dating back to the end of 1800s, it is a major square in Istanbul. Focusing on the utilization of Pariser Platz, Potsdamer Platz and Taksim Square, this study aims to examine how spatial quality and its criteria in open public spaces are defined, under the light of new trends in architecture using the methods of comparative analysis, literature research, observation and questionnaires.

Public Space, Spatial Quality, Square, Berlin, Pariser Platz, Potsdamer Platz, Istanbul, Taksim Republican

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Can Turan , Ebru Erdonmez Dincer , "Public Places from Past to Future, Berlin: Pariser Platz & Potsdamer Platz Istanbul Taksim Republican Square Examples," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 212 - 226, 2018. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2018.060404.

(b). APA Format:
Can Turan , Ebru Erdonmez Dincer (2018). Public Places from Past to Future, Berlin: Pariser Platz & Potsdamer Platz Istanbul Taksim Republican Square Examples. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 6(4), 212 - 226. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2018.060404.