Universal Journal of Management Vol. 6(7), pp. 240 - 247
DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2018.060702
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Towards Building the Indigenisation Theory: The Zimbabwean Resource Management Perspective

Charles Mavhunga *
Faculty of Commerce and Law, Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU), Harare Region, Zimbabwe


The dearth of studies to establish the line of fit for the indigenisation policy in Zimbabwe and the enactment of the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act [S.494] [ZIDERA]1 by the United States of America [USA] to challenge the government of Zimbabwe`s land reform and indigenisation policies motivated the production of this paper. Policy makers, members of the public, politicians, new farmers and other influential business pundits in Zimbabwe participated in the study. The study used non-experimental descriptive research design combining the deductive and inductive research approaches to be comprehensive. A desk review of secondary sources such as the indigenization Act [Chapter: 14:33]2, publications, policy guidelines and other relevant material was sought to establish the theoretical proposition. Questionnaires and interviews were the main research instruments. The study findings were that developing countries were getting impoverished whilst developed countries were getting enriched by the way poor states got integrated into the world system. The basis of this result is that poor countries depend on exports of primary products whilst rich nations export processed goods to poor countries at exorbitant prices, thereby deepening the poverty level. This violates the United Nations General Assembly resolution [1803.[xvii]3 which entrenches the Principle of Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources.(PPSNR).To correct the imbalance, the study conclusion supports the need to indigenize the economy, but with a policy shift on the modalities in the configuration of the policy framework. The study also recommends the adoption of the Line of Fit theory in which indigenisation policy consideration focuses mainly on product beneficiation than continual exports of primary products. This indigenisation model need to embrace a 360 model which embraces mainly indigenized education systems, indigenized economic models, indigenized financial and management literacy and an indigenized corporate governance policy document for Zimbabweans and the removal of sanctions by the United States of America to give a chance to Zimbabweans to grow the economy to a 100 billion mark by 2030.

Indigenization Policy, Natural Resources, Sanctions, New Farmers

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Charles Mavhunga , "Towards Building the Indigenisation Theory: The Zimbabwean Resource Management Perspective," Universal Journal of Management, Vol. 6, No. 7, pp. 240 - 247, 2018. DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2018.060702.

(b). APA Format:
Charles Mavhunga (2018). Towards Building the Indigenisation Theory: The Zimbabwean Resource Management Perspective. Universal Journal of Management, 6(7), 240 - 247. DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2018.060702.