Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(4), pp. 133 - 147
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2018.060403
Reprint (PDF) (1508Kb)


Model for Evaluating Diesel Consumption in Agriculture and CO2 Emissions, with Forest Projects to Extract Carbon from the Atmosphere


Luiz Carlos Sérvulo de Aquino 1,*, Brunna Simões Ungarelli 1, Guilherme Amatuzzi Teixeira 1, Aida Inírida Ortega Acosta 2, Marcos Aurélio Vasconcelos de Freitas 1
1 International Virtual Institute for Global Climate Change (IVIG), Coordination of Research and Engineering Postgraduation (COPPE), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil
2 Secretaría Distrital de Ambiente, Bogotá, Colombia

ABSTRACT

The present research was developed with the objective of determining the consumption of the diesel oil in the production of cereals and fruits; assess the consequent amount of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere; and, in addition, list forest projects that, through photosynthesis, during tree growth cycles, can contribute to the total or partial sequestration of these emissions. 41 crops were selected: 38 perennials and 03 temporary, for which were rescued production data from 13 consecutive years, from 2000 to 2012. Thus, with the resulting mathematical model, it was possible to obtain CO2 emissions from all crops - individual or grouped -, as well as to compare the results of perennial and temporary plantations. The selected study case show, for example, a comparation the diesel consumption and the respective CO2 emissions of the crops: BANANA (Musa sp.) and SOYBEAN (Glycine max), based on the Brazilian production. About regarding the sequestration of carbon (C) four forest mitigation alternatives were elaborated: i) FOREST PROTECTION PROJECT; ii) REFORESTATION with fast growing species; iii) AGROFLORESTAIS SYSTEMS (1st cycle); and (iv) URBAN ARBORIZATION PROJECT. For each option, there is the indication of the numbers of trees to be planted or hectares to be protected/ enriched for a purpose of the total or partial reduction of the quantity of CO2 issued for atmosphere.

KEYWORDS
Agriculture and Forest, Diesel Consumption, CO2 Emission, Climate Change, Carbon Sequestration with Forests Projects

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Luiz Carlos Sérvulo de Aquino , Brunna Simões Ungarelli , Guilherme Amatuzzi Teixeira , Aida Inírida Ortega Acosta , Marcos Aurélio Vasconcelos de Freitas , "Model for Evaluating Diesel Consumption in Agriculture and CO2 Emissions, with Forest Projects to Extract Carbon from the Atmosphere," Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 133 - 147, 2018. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2018.060403.

(b). APA Format:
Luiz Carlos Sérvulo de Aquino , Brunna Simões Ungarelli , Guilherme Amatuzzi Teixeira , Aida Inírida Ortega Acosta , Marcos Aurélio Vasconcelos de Freitas (2018). Model for Evaluating Diesel Consumption in Agriculture and CO2 Emissions, with Forest Projects to Extract Carbon from the Atmosphere. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(4), 133 - 147. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2018.060403.