Environment and Ecology Research Vol. 6(3), pp. 147 - 156
DOI: 10.13189/eer.2018.060302
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Integrating Climate Change into the Environmental Assessment Process: What is the Situation in African Francophone Countries?


Tchindjang Mesmin *
Geography Department, University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon

ABSTRACT

Climate change (CC) in the form of planetary warming has many negative impacts on the development of many countries. Since the ratification of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), most African Francophone countries have recently incorporated climate change in their planning process done by environmental assessment (EA) or not. EA is a process of estimating and evaluating significant short-term and long-term effects of a program or project on the quality of its location's environment. It also includes identifying ways to minimize, mitigate, or eliminate these effects and compensate their impacts. The aims of this paper is to present the existing level of integration of situation of CC in EA. As part of a literature review, pertinent documents were assessed accompanied by fieldwork related to the COMDEKS (Community Development knowledge for Satoyama Initiative), studies of population vulnerability and resilience linked to climate change in the region and particularly in Cameroon, CAR, Gabon and Togo. Results show that in sub-Saharan Africa in particular, various strategies have employed environmental assessment techniques, including a participatory approach in developing policies, plans and programs. Climate change "proofings" developed by GIZ helped some countries to adopt appropriate practices. This approach consisted of a review of a particular system or entity vis-à-vis its ability to cope with the climate change to which it is likely to be confronted. Resulting measures have affected various sectors, including agriculture, forestry, and energy (i.e., the GHC emission sectors).

KEYWORDS
African Francophone Countries, Agriculture, Climate Change, Energy, Environmental Assessment

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Tchindjang Mesmin , "Integrating Climate Change into the Environmental Assessment Process: What is the Situation in African Francophone Countries?," Environment and Ecology Research, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 147 - 156, 2018. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2018.060302.

(b). APA Format:
Tchindjang Mesmin (2018). Integrating Climate Change into the Environmental Assessment Process: What is the Situation in African Francophone Countries?. Environment and Ecology Research, 6(3), 147 - 156. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2018.060302.