Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 6(4), pp. 691 - 700
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2018.060412
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Turkish Metalinguistic Awareness Scale: A Validity and Reliability Study

Behice Varışoğlu *
Department of Turkish and Social Sciences Education, Faculty of Education, Gaziosmanpaşa University, Turkey


The aim of this study is to develop a useful, valid and reliable measurement tool that will help teacher candidates determine their Turkish metalinguistic awareness. During the development of the scale, a pool of items was created by scanning the relevant literature and examining other awareness scales. The materials prepared were re-examined according to the opinions of two lecturers working in the field of Turkish language education and two working in educational science and a draft scale was prepared. The items in the draft scale were evaluated by pre-application, items with a weak measurement relation were removed from the scale and the scale was prepared for factor analysis. The scale, designed as a 5-point Likert type scale, was applied to a total of 480 students. The α value of the scale formulated by factor analysis (Principal Component Analysis) was found to be 0.87. As a result of the analyses made, it was determined that the scale had 6 sub-factors and factor loadings ranging from 0.499 to 0.841 were found in these factors. These findings show that the scale can be used to determine Turkish metalinguistic awareness and is a valid and reliable measurement tool.

Keywords Turkish, Language Awareness, Metalinguistic Awareness, Improving Scale

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Behice Varışoğlu , "Turkish Metalinguistic Awareness Scale: A Validity and Reliability Study," Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 691 - 700, 2018. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2018.060412.

(b). APA Format:
Behice Varışoğlu (2018). Turkish Metalinguistic Awareness Scale: A Validity and Reliability Study. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(4), 691 - 700. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2018.060412.