Food Science and Technology Vol. 1(3), pp. 44 - 51
DOI: 10.13189/fst.2013.010302
Reprint (PDF) (480Kb)


Effect of Different Substrate Supplements on Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) Production


Jawad Ashraf 1, Muhammad Asif Ali 1, Waqas Ahmad 1,*, Chaudhry Muhammad Ayyub 1, Jamil Shafi 2
1 Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (38040) Pakistan
2 Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (38040) Pakistan

ABSTRACT

To compare the effect of different agricultural wastes on growth and yield of mushroom production, three species of Pleurotus viz. P. sajor-caju (V1), P. ostreatus (V2), and P. djmor (V3) were grown on three different substrates cotton waste (T1), wheat straw (T2) and paddy straw (T 3). The fastest spawn running, primordial initiation, harvesting stage, maximum number of fruiting bodies and maximum yield was observed in T 1 took minimum number of days T3 showed maximum yield in 1st flush showing no significant differences with treatment T1 whereas T1 took maximum yield in 2nd flush and 3rd flush. P. djmor showed the highest percentage of dry matter (17.23%) and moisture content was found high in P. sajor-caju (87.37%). P. ostreatus and P. sajor-caju showed the maximum protein (27.23%) and fiber (26.28%) contents. The ash contents were found maximum P. sajor-caju (9.08%).The highest fat and carbohydrate contents were found in Pleurotus djmor (3.07%) and P. djmor (37.69) respectively.

KEYWORDS
Oyster Mushroom, Substrates Selection, Morphological Parameters, Nutrition Analysis

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Jawad Ashraf , Muhammad Asif Ali , Waqas Ahmad , Chaudhry Muhammad Ayyub , Jamil Shafi , "Effect of Different Substrate Supplements on Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) Production," Food Science and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 44 - 51, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/fst.2013.010302.

(b). APA Format:
Jawad Ashraf , Muhammad Asif Ali , Waqas Ahmad , Chaudhry Muhammad Ayyub , Jamil Shafi (2013). Effect of Different Substrate Supplements on Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) Production. Food Science and Technology, 1(3), 44 - 51. DOI: 10.13189/fst.2013.010302.