Energy and Environmental Engineering Vol. 1(3), pp. 111 - 117
DOI: 10.13189/eee.2013.010303
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Application of Traditional Water Structures as Passive Energy Systems Case: Shushtar Kats


Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad 1, Fahimeh Mirzaei 2,*, Mohammadhossein Ghasempourabadi 3
1 Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Faculty of Architecture, International University of Imam Khomeini, Qazvin, Iran
3 Faculty of Architecture, Art University, Tehran, Iran

ABSTRACT

Regional historic architecture in each country contains many positive aspects that may be suitable for developing patterns for new technologies. Vernacular architecture around the world; considers many methods for creating better living conditions and welfare measures. Although it contains some difficulties in covering information from the past, vernacular architecture is a possible means for achieving sustainable architecture. In Iran, sustainable architecture shows creativity in using natural energy. Among them, specialized structures known as Kats in Dezfol and Shushtar in south-western Iran, have been developed for certain conditions. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the amount of natural air flow created between interior and exterior spaces due to temperature variation by exactly measuring 10 evidence points of interior and exterior air temperatures by an electronic thermometer. The results of the research show that the temperature of Kat in summer is less than the average maximum temperature and the average minimum temperature of outdoor, and the thermal condition of the Kat space during the measurement is lower than the thermal comfort limit which is specified in the ashrae standard. By adding moisture created by the Dez River and moist walls in Kat to the air flow, cool and habitable Kats have been created within traditional homes to reduce fossil fuel usage and to preserve the environment. In this paper, Kats passive energy systems are introduced for cooling of modern homes and urban spaces with sustainable criteria.

KEYWORDS
Kat, Sustainable Architecture, Passive Energy Systems, Natural Ventilation

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad , Fahimeh Mirzaei , Mohammadhossein Ghasempourabadi , "Application of Traditional Water Structures as Passive Energy Systems Case: Shushtar Kats," Energy and Environmental Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 111 - 117, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/eee.2013.010303.

(b). APA Format:
Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad , Fahimeh Mirzaei , Mohammadhossein Ghasempourabadi (2013). Application of Traditional Water Structures as Passive Energy Systems Case: Shushtar Kats. Energy and Environmental Engineering, 1(3), 111 - 117. DOI: 10.13189/eee.2013.010303.