Universal Journal of Communications and Network Vol. 5(2), pp. 23 - 36
DOI: 10.13189/ujcn.2017.050201
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Insights into Different Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks


Ayda Valinezhad Orang *
Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

ABSTRACT

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have become popular due to their adaptability and independency where direct human interventions are risky and impossible. WSNs consist of small sensor nodes powered with battery devices and have limited lifetime. Therefore, the most crucial concern in WSNs is their energy consumption and accumulating studies have proposed strategies for WSN designs by clustering the networks into small sub-groups, mainly called clusters. This review summarizes some of the most well-known clustering protocols that have been developed in the last few years. Furthermore, this survey classifies the clustering protocols into three clustering sub-groups including centralized, distributed and hybrid algorithms. Finally, a comparison between the proposed protocols is investigated based on their advantages and disadvantages as well as the considered parameters for clustering.

KEYWORDS
Wireless Sensor Networks, Cluster Head, Base Station, Network Clustering

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Ayda Valinezhad Orang , "Insights into Different Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks," Universal Journal of Communications and Network, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 23 - 36, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/ujcn.2017.050201.

(b). APA Format:
Ayda Valinezhad Orang (2017). Insights into Different Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks. Universal Journal of Communications and Network, 5(2), 23 - 36. DOI: 10.13189/ujcn.2017.050201.