Environment and Ecology Research Vol. 5(7), pp. 500 - 509
DOI: 10.13189/eer.2017.050706
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Trace Elements Concentration in Surface Water Used for Irrigation in Kosovo

Smajl Rizani , Perparim Laze *
Department of Plant Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Tirana (AUT), Albania


The aim of this study is to assess the quality of the surface water used for irrigation purposes by examining the presence of trace elements in the main irrigation sources in Kosovo. Samples were taken from several of these sources (rivers, some reservoirs, pump stations and canals) and were then analyzed for trace elements content such as zinc, iron, copper, manganese, lead, nickel, cobalt, cadmium, chromium, and molybdenum, by Microwave Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (MP-AES 4100). The findings revealed no significant differences in terms of trace elements content in the samples coming from the various sources. Copper, manganese, nickel, cobalt, lead and chromium were found in normal concentrations in all the water sources, whereas zinc and iron were found to be in deficient concentrations. Cadmium was at recommended maximum concentrations. Molybdenum is found in high concentrations especially in the water samples taken from pump stations and irrigation reservoirs. In the future it is necessary to closely and continuously monitor the concentrations of molybdenum in the irrigation waters of this area. Furthermore, it is essential to identify the causes of the high molybdenum levels in these waters. However, these sources can be used for irrigation purposes without posing a threat to the soil and plants.

Trace Elements, Concentration, Toxic, Irrigation Water, Water Sources, Kosovo

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Smajl Rizani , Perparim Laze , "Trace Elements Concentration in Surface Water Used for Irrigation in Kosovo," Environment and Ecology Research, Vol. 5, No. 7, pp. 500 - 509, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2017.050706.

(b). APA Format:
Smajl Rizani , Perparim Laze (2017). Trace Elements Concentration in Surface Water Used for Irrigation in Kosovo. Environment and Ecology Research, 5(7), 500 - 509. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2017.050706.