Universal Journal of Geoscience Vol. 5(5), pp. 117 - 137
DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2017.050501
Reprint (PDF) (1151Kb)


Free Choice of the Nature in the Changing World


Yuri Fiodorovitch Arefjev *
Department of Ecology, Forest Protection and Forest Hunting Studies, Voronezh State Academy of Forestry and Technologies, Russia

ABSTRACT

Our changeable world threatens the life of organisms in the nature. To survive, the populations of organisms have to change adequately. They need freedom for adaptive actions. The adaptability gives populations a chance to survive. Man-made forest plantings of the Central Russian Upland do not provide for their forest components the possibility of self-control as they are homogeneous and are the prerequisite for inharmonious development of biota, for the excessive development of some parasitic for forest trees species. Such plantings become the real "kingdom" of forest trees parasitic fungi and insects. Global warming and a wrong human activity can worsen health of the forests even more. A natural renewal in these forest plantings is impossible. The purpose of this work is to promote the natural biotic self-control of pathogenic processes and self-regeneration in forest ecosystems and to exclude thanks to it the need of use of both chemical and biological pesticides for forest protection. One of the key positions of a self-regulation of pathogenesis is inbreeding in populations of parasitic organisms. The self-control in forest plantings is achieved through forming of mosaic highly heterogeneous forest ecosystems. Functionally such plantings are close to the natural woods. Such plantings must be created. It's necessary to understand that the solution of environmental issues has to correspond not only to local, but also global interests.

KEYWORDS
Populations, Organisms, Adaptability, Forests, Upland, Regeneration

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Yuri Fiodorovitch Arefjev , "Free Choice of the Nature in the Changing World," Universal Journal of Geoscience, Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 117 - 137, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2017.050501.

(b). APA Format:
Yuri Fiodorovitch Arefjev (2017). Free Choice of the Nature in the Changing World. Universal Journal of Geoscience, 5(5), 117 - 137. DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2017.050501.