Universal Journal of Plant Science Vol. 1(3), pp. 91 - 99
DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2013.010306
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In Vitro Micropropagation of the Ornamental Plant Dieffenbachia-A Review


Azza Migdam Elsheikh1, Hussien Mohamed Daffalla1,*, Mutasim Mohamed Khalfala2
1 Plant Cell & Tissue Culture Dept., Commission for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, National Centre for Research, Sudan
2 Department of Environmental Health, College of Health and Health Informatics, Umm AL-Qura University, Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACT

Ornamental industry has applied immensely in vitro propagation approach for large-scale plant multiplication at very high rates of elite superior varieties. As a result, hundreds of plant tissue culture laboratories have come up worldwide. Dieffenbachia species are popular foliage potted plants used in interiorescapes of homes, offices, and malls throughout the world. Most of Dieffenbachia species are now propagated by tissue culture for better utilize of species and expedite plant improvement. This review paper summarizes valuable literature on in vitro techniques including type of explants used, media optimized, ways of propagation and improvement through 45 years of research on Dieffenbachia spp. Which were provide basis for future studies such as genetic transformation for breeding aims, develop new cultivars, develop disease-resistant plants and overcome the environmental obstacles. There is a need for more application of the plant tissue culture techniques on Dieffenbachia to investigate the responses of different cultivars and explants to variable culture media.

KEYWORDS
Dieffenbachia, Review, Tissue Culture, Multiplication, Indirect Regeneration

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Azza Migdam Elsheikh , Hussien Mohamed Daffalla , Mutasim Mohamed Khalfala , "In Vitro Micropropagation of the Ornamental Plant Dieffenbachia-A Review," Universal Journal of Plant Science, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 91 - 99, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2013.010306.

(b). APA Format:
Azza Migdam Elsheikh , Hussien Mohamed Daffalla , Mutasim Mohamed Khalfala (2013). In Vitro Micropropagation of the Ornamental Plant Dieffenbachia-A Review. Universal Journal of Plant Science, 1(3), 91 - 99. DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2013.010306.