Universal Journal of Plant Science Vol. 1(3), pp. 55 - 65
DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2013.010301
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Results and Prospects in Apple Breeding


Sedov E. N.*
SSI All Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding, Orel, Russia

ABSTRACT

The results of many-year investigation of some features of apple ontogenesis in connection with breeding and propagation of new cultivars are briefly given. On the ground of 60-year work on apple breeding the author of this paper have attempted to retrace the changes in breeding goals and methods and record the most urgent trends in breeding at present and the nearest future. The contemporary and rapidly increasing demands for new cultivars are noted. The topical character of the development of the cultivars with improved biochemical fruit composition, high resistance and immunity to scab and powdery mildew and also varieties with complex resistance to the cardinal diseases and pests is shown. On the ground of the wide experimental material the author shows the prospects of the development of triploid cultivars which are notable for more regular fruit-bearing, high fruit marketability and higher autogamy. The development of triploid and scab immune apple cultivars is of particular interest. The urgency of columnar apple creation for super intensive orchards is noted. The experience in the hybrid pool establishing for the purpose of selecting highly winter hardy intercalary stocks of different vigour is presented. The prospects of the development of true-rooted apple trees and also autogamous cultivars with the use of apetalous plants are noted.

KEYWORDS
Apple, Cultivars, Ontogenesis, Breeding Goals and Methods, Biochemical Composition, Immunity to Scab, Triploid Cultivars, Autogamy

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Sedov E. N. , "Results and Prospects in Apple Breeding," Universal Journal of Plant Science, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 55 - 65, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2013.010301.

(b). APA Format:
Sedov E. N. (2013). Results and Prospects in Apple Breeding. Universal Journal of Plant Science, 1(3), 55 - 65. DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2013.010301.