Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 5(4), pp. 179 - 186
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2017.050403
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Detecting Differences between Clinical Presentations in ADHD through the Cognitive Profile Obtained from WISC-IV


Ignasi Navarro Soria 1,*, Javier Fenollar Cortés 2, Rocio Lavigne Cerván 3, Rocio Juarez Ruiz de Mier 3
1 Department of Development Psychology and Teaching, Faculty of Education, University of Alicante, Spain
2 Department of Evolutionary Psychology and Education, Faculty of Psychology, University of Murcia, Spain
3 Department of Evolutionary Psychology and Education, Faculty of Education, University of Malaga, Spain

ABSTRACT

Objective: The current study explores whether WISC-IV cognitive profiles could allow to differentiate between presentations of ADHD. Method: A clinical sample of 216 subjects aged between 6 and 16 years and distributed into 2 subgroups (ADHD inattentive type group aged M = 8.5, SD = 2.4; and ADHD combined group M = 10.1, SD = 2.6) was recruited for the study. Results: Processing Speed Index mean score was significantly higher (F (1,214) = 14.7, p< .001, d = 0.52) in ADHD-Inattentive group (M = 90.7; SD = 12.1) than ADHD-Combined group (M = 97.7; SD = 14.7). Furthermore, PSI was negatively associated with "Inattention" dimension (β = -.21, p< .001 family and β = -.19, p< .001 teachers) while it was positively associated with "Hyperactivity/Impulsivity" dimension (β = .27, p< .001 family and β = .33, p< .001 teachers). Conclusions: The higher inattentiveness the lower PSI mean score, while a higher hyperactivity/impulsivity mean score would reduce the impact caused for inattentiveness. Thus, ADHD-I profile would tend to show a significant lower PSI mean score than ADHD-C.

KEYWORDS
TDAH, WISC-IV, Working Memory, Processing Speed, Instrumental Study

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Ignasi Navarro Soria , Javier Fenollar Cortés , Rocio Lavigne Cerván , Rocio Juarez Ruiz de Mier , "Detecting Differences between Clinical Presentations in ADHD through the Cognitive Profile Obtained from WISC-IV," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 179 - 186, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2017.050403.

(b). APA Format:
Ignasi Navarro Soria , Javier Fenollar Cortés , Rocio Lavigne Cerván , Rocio Juarez Ruiz de Mier (2017). Detecting Differences between Clinical Presentations in ADHD through the Cognitive Profile Obtained from WISC-IV. Universal Journal of Psychology, 5(4), 179 - 186. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2017.050403.