Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 1(3), pp. 121 - 144
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2013.010306
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Mothers’ Perceptions of Their Children’s Play: Scale Development and Validation

Lynn Barnett Morris*
Dept. of Recreation, Sport and Tourism, 204N Huff Hall, 1206 S. Fourth Street, Champaign, IL 61820


The wealth of literature that has investigated childrena's play behavior has largely relied on reports from mothers who have beliefs about the value of play for their child, and about how, when, and with whom their children should play. These beliefs and opinions influence the types of play opportunities, materials, and programs they provide, which in turn affect the childan's developmental trajectory and outcomes. The present study identified the issues that constitute parental beliefs about their childrenan's play, and developed a scale (the Mothersa' Perceptions of Their Childrenan's Play Scale) to measure them, with rigorous psychometric testing to establish its reliability and validity. The study was conducted on 698 mothers and their third through fifth grade child, and is the first to measure mothers’ perspectives on their childrenan's play at this age. The findings of the study determined that there were two subscales a “ mothers”beliefs about their childan's unstructured play and about their structured play a “ both of which showed high internal reliability and temporal stability over a three month period, as did their component dimensions. Face, content and construct (concurrent, discriminant) validity were also found to be highly acceptable for the subscales and for the scale as a whole.

Mothers and Play, Childrena's Play, Play Benefits, School-Aged Play, Middle Childhood

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Lynn Barnett Morris , "Mothers’ Perceptions of Their Children’s Play: Scale Development and Validation," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 121 - 144, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2013.010306.

(b). APA Format:
Lynn Barnett Morris (2013). Mothers’ Perceptions of Their Children’s Play: Scale Development and Validation. Universal Journal of Psychology, 1(3), 121 - 144. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2013.010306.