Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 1(3), pp. 107 - 113
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2013.010304
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The Level of Motives and Anxiety of Football Players among Different Ethnics in Malaysia


Vincent A. Parnabas1,*, Yahaya Mahamood2, Julinamary Parnabas3
1 Sport Science and Recreation Faculty, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Faculty of College of Art and Science, University Utara Malaysia (UUM), Malaysia
3 Institut Perguruan Malaysia, Kampus Darul Aman, Jitra, Kedah, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Previous research in Malaysia found that the six important motives, given by students-athletes for sport participation were achievement, body shape, physical fitness, teamwork, learning new skills and for challenges. However, research comparing different ethnic on taking part in sports, especially football is limited. The aim of this study is to find the motives of taking part in sport and level of anxiety among Malay, Chinese and Indians. A hundred and thirty student-athletes from different ethnic background were selected, to respond Purpose of Sport Questionnaire and Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2). The sample was chosen from the Malaysian Sports Council, during Malaysian Inter-Schools Sports Competition. The result showed that the most highest motive for a Chinese ethnic taking part in football for physically active lifestyle, Malays ethnic for mastery or cooperation and Indians for social status or getting ahead. Furthermore, the result revealed that the football players in the categories of Indians ethnic exhibit higher level of competitive anxiety than categories of Malay and Chinese ethnic. Negative correlation noted between the level of motives and anxiety among all ethnics. Sports psychologists, coach or sport officers can use this research to develop appropriate football environment for Malays, Chinese and Indians, to maintain their interest in football.

KEYWORDS
Motives, Malay, Chinese, Indian, Football

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Vincent A. Parnabas , Yahaya Mahamood , Julinamary Parnabas , "The Level of Motives and Anxiety of Football Players among Different Ethnics in Malaysia," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 107 - 113, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2013.010304.

(b). APA Format:
Vincent A. Parnabas , Yahaya Mahamood , Julinamary Parnabas (2013). The Level of Motives and Anxiety of Football Players among Different Ethnics in Malaysia. Universal Journal of Psychology, 1(3), 107 - 113. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2013.010304.