Linguistics and Literature Studies Vol. 5(4), pp. 248 - 270
DOI: 10.13189/lls.2017.050403
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Semantic Annotation of Anaphoric Links in Language

Kiyong Lee *
Department of Linguistics, College of Liberal Arts, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea


The main purpose of this paper is to make some linguistic contributions to an ISO initiative to formulate a standard on the semantic annotation framework of reference, coreference, and other types of anaphoric phenomena in natural language. For this purpose, we first make a brief review of some of the existing coreference annotation (CA) schemes. We then formulate an abstract syntax Asynana for anaphoric annotation on which a variety of concrete syntaxes such as an XML-based concrete syntax CsynanaX can be developed to provide an interoperable representation format for the annotation. To satisfy the semantic adequacy of the proposed abstract syntax even partially, we check the possibility of developing formal semantics based on it. Such a semantics may be accepted as a valid application of the proposed annotation scheme. We finally consider the multilingual applicability of proposed ASynana by applying it to Korean, a non-inflectional agglutinating language with pro-drop properties.

Abstract Syntax, Anaphoric Link, Annotation, Concrete Syntax, Coreference, Formal Semantics, Semantic Annotation

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Kiyong Lee , "Semantic Annotation of Anaphoric Links in Language," Linguistics and Literature Studies, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 248 - 270, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2017.050403.

(b). APA Format:
Kiyong Lee (2017). Semantic Annotation of Anaphoric Links in Language. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 5(4), 248 - 270. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2017.050403.