Linguistics and Literature Studies Vol. 5(4), pp. 242 - 247
DOI: 10.13189/lls.2017.050402
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The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners' Academic Self-schemas and Their Willingness to Communicate


Farzaneh Dehghan 1,*, Azita Ajdari 2
1 Farhangian University, Shahid Bahonar Branch of Shiraz, Iran
2 Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Iran

ABSTRACT

This study examined how Iranian EFL learners' level of academic self-schema is related to their willingness to communicate (WTC). To this end, 243 female undergraduate EFL university students from Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch (convenience sampling) completed two questionnaires, namely, a WTC and a researcher-made self-schema questionnaire. The latter questionnaire was developed based on two types of self-schemas, namely, entity and incremental. Entity self-schema regard ability as fixed or unchangeable while incremental self-schema regards it as improvable and changeable in future. Correlation results (r=0.380, p<0.000) indicated a statistically moderate but significant relationship between self-schema and WTC scores. To measure the predictability of WTC scores on the basis of the two levels of self-schema scores, a linear regression was calculated. The entity R value (0.165) illustrates a low correlation between entity self-schema and WTC while the incremental R value (0.516) shows a moderate correlation between the incremental self-schema scores and WTC. It means that 26.6% of the WTC can be predicted by the incremental self-schema scores. The findings of the present study showed that the incremental self-schema can be an important factor in the EFL learners' willingness to communicate because it is related to choices and actions that affect learning.

KEYWORDS
Academic Self-schemas, Willingness to Communicate, Entity Self-schema, Incremental Self-schema

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Farzaneh Dehghan , Azita Ajdari , "The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners' Academic Self-schemas and Their Willingness to Communicate," Linguistics and Literature Studies, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 242 - 247, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2017.050402.

(b). APA Format:
Farzaneh Dehghan , Azita Ajdari (2017). The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners' Academic Self-schemas and Their Willingness to Communicate. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 5(4), 242 - 247. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2017.050402.