Universal Journal of Psychology(CEASE PUBLICATION) Vol. 5(3), pp. 95 - 104
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2017.050301
Reprint (PDF) (189Kb)


Mindfulness and Divergent Thinking: The Value of Heart Rate Variability as an Objective Manipulation Check


Julia Keller 1,*, Eric Ruthruff 2, Patrick Keller 1
1 Department of Teaching, Learning, and Leadership, South Dakota State University, United States
2 Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, United States

ABSTRACT

Mindfulness (MF) is a form of mental training that has been linked with more creative problem-solving. Most MF studies recruit participants interested in meditation, and thus are biased towards positive effects. Participants in this study (n = 73) therefore signed up for "mental training," not "mindfulness meditation"; the vast majority (54) had little to no prior meditation experience. This is also the first such experiment to use an objective measure of MF (coherence, a physiological correlate of MF that can be indexed by heart rate variability or HRV) as a manipulation check. Participants were randomly assigned to either MF training or a control condition (a memory exercise), and completed a test of divergent thinking (Unusual Uses Task) before and after mental training. Coherence was significantly higher in the MF group and heart rate was significantly lower in the MF group.

KEYWORDS
Mindfulness, Heart Rate Variability, Problem-solving, Creativity, Coherence

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Julia Keller , Eric Ruthruff , Patrick Keller , "Mindfulness and Divergent Thinking: The Value of Heart Rate Variability as an Objective Manipulation Check," Universal Journal of Psychology(CEASE PUBLICATION), Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 95 - 104, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2017.050301.

(b). APA Format:
Julia Keller , Eric Ruthruff , Patrick Keller (2017). Mindfulness and Divergent Thinking: The Value of Heart Rate Variability as an Objective Manipulation Check. Universal Journal of Psychology(CEASE PUBLICATION), 5(3), 95 - 104. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2017.050301.