Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 1(3), pp. 204 - 208
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2013.010310
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Anxiety, Self-Efficacy, and College Exam Grades

Jennifer Barrows1, Samantha Dunn1, Carrie A. Lloyd2,*
1 Butler University Conference, April, 2013, in Indianapolis, Huntington University
2 Department of Psychology, Huntington University, 2303 College Avenue, Huntington, IN 46750


A student’s level of self-efficacy and test anxiety directly impacts their academic success (Abdi, Bageri, Shoghi, Goodarzi, & Hosseinzadeh, 2012; Hassanzadeh, Ebrahimi, & Mahdinejad, 2012). When a student doubts themself and their own ability to test well, the students’ sole focus becomes worrying about poor grades and cannot focus on academics (Bandura, 1993). But, little is understood about how test-anxiety and self-efficacy affect short-term success in the classroom. Specifically, how test anxiety and level of self-efficacy directly preceding an exam will affect the exam score. Pre-and post-questionnaires assessing anxiety and self-efficacy immediately before and after a single college exam was completed by 110 college students and exam grades were obtained from the instructor. Results showed a strong relationship between both test anxiety and exam grades, and self-efficacy and exam grades. Further, multiple linear regression analyses showed that exam grade could be predicted by test anxiety and self-efficacy level, and that self-efficacy moderated the effects of anxiety.

College Exams, Test Anxiety, College Students, Academic Performance, Self-Efficacy

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Jennifer Barrows , Samantha Dunn , Carrie A. Lloyd , "Anxiety, Self-Efficacy, and College Exam Grades," Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 204 - 208, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2013.010310.

(b). APA Format:
Jennifer Barrows , Samantha Dunn , Carrie A. Lloyd (2013). Anxiety, Self-Efficacy, and College Exam Grades. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 1(3), 204 - 208. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2013.010310.