Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 5(1), pp. 45 - 53
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2017.050106
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A Validation Study of the Culturally Responsive Teaching Survey

Christy M. Rhodes *
College of Education, East Carolina University, Greenville, 27858, North Carolina, United States


Amidst the ethnic and linguistic diversity in adult English language classes, there is heightened importance to using culturally responsive teaching practices. However, there are limited quantitative examinations of this approach in adult learning environments. The purpose of this investigation was to describe patterns of culturally responsive teaching practices of adult ESOL teachers and to establish the psychometric properties of the Culturally Responsive Teaching Survey (CRTS), a newly-developed self-assessment survey. Based on Ginsberg and Wlodkowski's Motivational Framework for Culturally Responsive Teaching [1], this 17-item online survey establishes patterns of teaching praxis appropriate for adult English language classrooms. Findings revealed a trend of regular to frequent use of the majority of the culturally responsive teaching practices indicated in the CRTS. In addition, analyses demonstrated that the CRTS is a reliable, uni-dimensional scale which yielded positive correlations with multi-cultural knowledge and teaching skills. Thus, the CRTS provides a useful tool for examining the praxis of culturally responsive teaching in adult, second-language classrooms. These findings will lead to improved understanding of how adult educators incorporate culturally responsive teaching practices in ethnically and linguistically diverse learning environments, in addition to supporting the use of this instrument in future research studies.

English for Speakers of Other Languages, Culturally Relevant Pedagogy, Adult Education

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Christy M. Rhodes , "A Validation Study of the Culturally Responsive Teaching Survey," Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 45 - 53, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2017.050106.

(b). APA Format:
Christy M. Rhodes (2017). A Validation Study of the Culturally Responsive Teaching Survey. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5(1), 45 - 53. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2017.050106.