Linguistics and Literature Studies Vol. 4(6), pp. 402 - 411
DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040603
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The Role of Basic Need Satisfaction in English Learning: A Case Study at a University in China


Pingying Hu *
School of Humanities, Fujian University of Technology, China

ABSTRACT

To examine the role of learners' innate need satisfaction in their English foreign language (EFL) learning, a case study was conducted at a university in China. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed in the study. Data were collected via a pre- and post-assessment research design and by recording dynamic variability in student participants' (N=353) learning performance while implementing a need-satisfying intervention scheme for one academic year. Structural equation modelling (SEM) method was used to test the hypothesized model and the structural relationship. Outcomes of this study indicated 1) that satisfaction of learners' basic needs for competence, autonomy and relatedness strengthened their autonomous motivation and facilitated controlled motivation to move gradually to autonomous one; 2) that strengthened motivation contributed to positive learning performance and significant improvement in their English proficiency; 3) and interestingly, that the causal effect coefficients of the contribution paths changed erratically with the variation of learners' motivation and English proficiency level. The present study suggested that innate need satisfaction was basically related to EFL learning outcome, but that fulfillment of different psychological needs played varied roles in academic achievement. The interesting findings signified that cultural factors and instrumental motivation had a notable impact on causal effects of innate need satisfaction on EFL learning outcome.

KEYWORDS
Need Satisfaction, Self-determined Motivation, EFL, Learning Outcome

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Pingying Hu , "The Role of Basic Need Satisfaction in English Learning: A Case Study at a University in China," Linguistics and Literature Studies, Vol. 4, No. 6, pp. 402 - 411, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040603.

(b). APA Format:
Pingying Hu (2016). The Role of Basic Need Satisfaction in English Learning: A Case Study at a University in China. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 4(6), 402 - 411. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040603.