Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 1(3), pp. 110 - 117
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2013.010311
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Effect of Different Planting Dates on Growth and Development of Gladiolus grandiflorus under the Ecological Conditions of Faisalabad, Pakistan


Muhammad Adil1,*, Waqas ahmad1, Khawaja Shafique Ahmad2, Jamil Shafi3, Muhammad Asif Shehzad4, Muhammad Aqeel Sarwar4, Muhammad Salman5, Muhammad Imran Ghani1, Muhammad Iqabal1
1 Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (38040) Pakistan
2 Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (38040) Pakistan
3 Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (38040) Pakistan
4 Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (38040) Pakistan
5 Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (38040) Pakistan

ABSTRACT

The present study was carried out to elucidate the effect of different sowing dates and temperature on growth, yield and quality of two important cultivars of Gladiolus grandiflorus L. Rose supreme and White prosperity .The results showed that different planting dates have significant effect on number of days taken by gladiolus corm to germinate. A significant superiority of T1 5.5 days over T2 with 9.10 days on all the treatments was observed. Among the treatments maximum sprouting percentage was recorded in T2 with 94.66 % followed by T3 82.19 % on all the treatments. The days to 6-leaves stage depict highly significant difference in variance of treatments, interactive effect of treatments and cultivars. The maximum plant height (115.33cm) was recorded in T2 followed by T3 with 111.04cm. Mean values of number of leaves indicated significant superiority of T2 with 8.02 leaves and T3 with 7.93 leaves on all other treatments. The maximum chlorophyll contents 71.60 were recorded in T2 followed by T3 with 67.65 on all the treatments. Spike length showed highly significant difference in variance of treatments, interactive effect of treatments and cultivars. The maximum number of florets (17.16) was recorded in T2 followed by T3 with 15.83 florets. Among the treatments maximum corm diameter (6.19 cm) was recorded on T2 and T6 showed maximum number of cormels (5.96 cm). It is suggested that proper planting date reduce the production cost by reducing the crop time and also produce elite flowers with increased market value.

KEYWORDS
Planting Dates, Gladiolus Grandiflorus, Temperature, Yield

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Muhammad Adil , Waqas ahmad , Khawaja Shafique Ahmad , Jamil Shafi , Muhammad Asif Shehzad , Muhammad Aqeel Sarwar , Muhammad Salman , Muhammad Imran Ghani , Muhammad Iqabal , "Effect of Different Planting Dates on Growth and Development of Gladiolus grandiflorus under the Ecological Conditions of Faisalabad, Pakistan," Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 110 - 117, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2013.010311.

(b). APA Format:
Muhammad Adil , Waqas ahmad , Khawaja Shafique Ahmad , Jamil Shafi , Muhammad Asif Shehzad , Muhammad Aqeel Sarwar , Muhammad Salman , Muhammad Imran Ghani , Muhammad Iqabal (2013). Effect of Different Planting Dates on Growth and Development of Gladiolus grandiflorus under the Ecological Conditions of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 1(3), 110 - 117. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2013.010311.