International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 4(3), pp. 33 - 38
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2016.040301
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The Physical Effects of the Fitness Exercises


Nigar Yaman *
Physical Education and Sports Department, Bartin University, Turkey

ABSTRACT

In this study, the physical changes in 36 male participants were examined over 12 weeks, during which they have carried out fitness exercises to see whether there is a physical change in the individuals who prefer the type of fitness exercises that include walking, running, pedaling and weight exercises as a form of sportive activity. An exercise protocol including warm up, cool down, walking, running, pedaling and weight exercises in an average duration of 90 minutes was applied to the participants for 4 days a week during the period of the aforementioned 12 weeks. Including pre-exercises, the body weight, girth measurement, body fat percentages and body mass indexes were measured and noted in the fourth, eighth and twelfth weeks. The data was analyzed through one-way ANOVA tests for mean, standard deviation and correlated samplings. No significant difference was found in the body mass indexes of the participants. Biceps, chest, shoulder and thigh measurements showed a significant increase in the end of the 12 week period. The body fat percentages showed decreased results in all of the measurements when compared to the measurements of pre-exercise. As a result, the fitness exercises that were performed throughout the 12-week period, showed a positive benefit in the girth measurements and body fat percentages starting from the fourth week. Body mass indexes did not reflect any differences in relation with the increased muscle volume.

KEYWORDS
Exercise, Fitness, Body Mass Index, Physical Fitness

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Nigar Yaman , "The Physical Effects of the Fitness Exercises," International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 33 - 38, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2016.040301.

(b). APA Format:
Nigar Yaman (2016). The Physical Effects of the Fitness Exercises. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 4(3), 33 - 38. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2016.040301.