Environment and Ecology Research Vol. 4(5), pp. 251 - 256
DOI: 10.13189/eer.2016.040503
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Wayfinding Systems in Educational Environments

Shireen Kanakri 1,*, Megan Schott 2, Amy Mitchell 3, Haitham Mohammad 4, Minna Etters 1, Nicole Palme 1
1 Department of Family and Consumer Science, College of Applied Technology, Ball State University, USA
2 Department of Psychological Science, Ball State University, USA
3 Department of Counseling Psychology and Guidance Services, Ball State University, USA
4 Department of Electrical Engineering, Texas A&M University, USA


Wayfinding is the phenomenon of locating an intended destination within an environment [1]. This occurs through complex, dynamic communication between the built environment and the user [2]. Successful wayfinding design allows users to: determine their location within a setting, determine their destination, and develop a plan that will take them from their location to their destination. This study analyzes the role of stress in wayfinding, and the implications of this relationship for educational wayfinding systems. Thirty-five participants were assigned target locations in two buildings. Wayfinding routes were mapped and timed by research assistants. After the tasks, participants completed measures of stress level and difficulty. Results supported the hypothesis that perceived difficulty is positively correlated with level of stress. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to effective wayfinding systems in education settings.

Wayfinding, Education, Stress

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Shireen Kanakri , Megan Schott , Amy Mitchell , Haitham Mohammad , Minna Etters , Nicole Palme , "Wayfinding Systems in Educational Environments," Environment and Ecology Research, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 251 - 256, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2016.040503.

(b). APA Format:
Shireen Kanakri , Megan Schott , Amy Mitchell , Haitham Mohammad , Minna Etters , Nicole Palme (2016). Wayfinding Systems in Educational Environments. Environment and Ecology Research, 4(5), 251 - 256. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2016.040503.