Advances in Economics and Business Vol. 4(8), pp. 446 - 460
DOI: 10.13189/aeb.2016.040807
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On the Institutional Roots of Swiss Democracy


Gkanas Nikitas *, Kyriazis Nicholas
Department of Economics, University of Thessaly, Greece

ABSTRACT

Looking back at the history of Switzerland, we can identify some structural changes in the economic, social and cultural environment, also in the spiritual perceptions and attitudes of citizens. These may constituted the basis for the creation of specific standards and played a crucial role in the political and economic course of the country. In this study we examine how institutions can explain the emergence and establishment of democracy in Switzerland. We investigate various aspects of human activity in Switzerland trend since the beginning of its emergence, in order to use the tool of macro-culture that includes shared values, norms and beliefs that characterize the members of a society. Important aspects in the country's history are opening trade passages, alliances, military tactics and religion. The standards and values spun from the above aspects were transferred gradually to the political field. Finally, it is highlighted that these values contributed decisively in forging a strong polity with robust elements of direct democracy.

KEYWORDS
Switzerland, Democracy, Macro-culture, Institutions, Values

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Gkanas Nikitas , Kyriazis Nicholas , "On the Institutional Roots of Swiss Democracy," Advances in Economics and Business, Vol. 4, No. 8, pp. 446 - 460, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/aeb.2016.040807.

(b). APA Format:
Gkanas Nikitas , Kyriazis Nicholas (2016). On the Institutional Roots of Swiss Democracy. Advances in Economics and Business, 4(8), 446 - 460. DOI: 10.13189/aeb.2016.040807.