Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 4(3), pp. 92 - 107
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2016.040305
Reprint (PDF) (853Kb)


The Impact of Conservancy Fragmentation on the Population Distribution and Feeding Patterns of Roan Antelope 2000-2009: The Case of Chiredzi River Conservancy


Munzanza Dickson *
Chikwirire Secondary School, Zimbabwe

ABSTRACT

The Zimbabwe's fast track land reform programme caused among other thing significant conservancy fragmentation which led to serious changes in wildlife distribution and their feeding patterns. This study sought to investigate the impact of conservancy fragmentation on the population distribution and feeding patterns of the Roan antelope (hippotragus simum) in Chiredzi river conservancy of Chiredzi north district. Observations were only carried out by the researcher on the state of the conservancy and feeding habits of roan antelope. The capture and recapture technique in this research was employed to select the species sample that were systematically chosen. The stratified systematic sampling was used to minimise bias in selection as well as to determine the point locations where the Roan Antelopes were to be captured. The species were captured using the trapping net in which the species were driven into the net. This method was environmentally safe in that life was valued because injuries of species during the capturing process were avoided. Four captured Roan Antelopes were fitted with the collar coding system, where the calcium detector was used for remote sensing. This helped in easy tracking and identification during observation and surveying. The observation and tracking process consume twelve months since they observed in four different season of the year. This plays a critical role in analysing the state of feeding area as well as captive breeding area. Field measurements were done on the observed roan antelope and the carrying capacity of the conservancy. The research findings revealed that as from 2000 to 2009 the population of Roan Antelope declined by almost 83%. It is concluded that it is very important to implement appropriate conservancy management strategies for wildlife especially for Roan Antelope. It is therefore recommended that there should be the introduction of intensive protected zone (I P Z) in order to restore the population of the Roan Antelope in the Chiredzi River Conservancy.

KEYWORDS
Conservancy Fragmentation, Population Distribution and Feeding Patterns, Environmental Bearing Capacity

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Munzanza Dickson , "The Impact of Conservancy Fragmentation on the Population Distribution and Feeding Patterns of Roan Antelope 2000-2009: The Case of Chiredzi River Conservancy," Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 92 - 107, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2016.040305.

(b). APA Format:
Munzanza Dickson (2016). The Impact of Conservancy Fragmentation on the Population Distribution and Feeding Patterns of Roan Antelope 2000-2009: The Case of Chiredzi River Conservancy. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(3), 92 - 107. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2016.040305.