Universal Journal of Management Vol. 4(7), pp. 393 - 396
DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2016.040703
Reprint (PDF) (1406Kb)

Analysis of the Sales Checkout Operation in Supermarket Using Queuing Theory

Priyangika J.S.K.C 1,*, Cooray T.M.J.A 2
1 Department of Physical Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
2 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka


Waiting lines or queues are a common phenomenon in life, especially in the province of organizations that are for profit making. Queues are common in such places as petrol or filling stations, supermarkets stores, clinics, hospitals, motor parks, manufacturing firms, to mention a but a few. An interesting aspect of queuing process resides in the measures of its system's performance, especially in terms of average service rate, systems, utilization and the costs implied for a given capacity level. This paper explains the analysis of Queuing systems for the empirical data of supermarket checkout service unit using queuing theory. One of the expected gains from studying queuing systems is to review the efficiency of the models in terms of utilization and waiting length, hence increasing the number of queues so customers will not have to wait longer when servers are too busy. In other words, trying to estimate the waiting time and length of queue(s), is the aim of this study. Queuing simulation is used to obtain a sample performance result and estimated solutions for multiple queuing models are also interested. This study requires an empirical data which may include the variables like, arrival time in the queue of checkout operating unit (server), departure time, service time, etc. A questionnaire is developed to collect the data for such variables and the reaction of the Supermarket from the customers separately. This model is developed for a sales checkout operation in the supermarket. The model designed for this research is multiple queues multiple-server model. The model contains five servers which are checkout sales counters; attached to each server is a queue. In any service system, a queue forms whenever current demand exceeds the existing capacity to serve. This occurs when the checkout operation unit is too busy to serve the arriving costumers, immediately.

Multiple-server Model, Queuing Simulation, Service Time, Inter-arrival Time

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Priyangika J.S.K.C , Cooray T.M.J.A , "Analysis of the Sales Checkout Operation in Supermarket Using Queuing Theory," Universal Journal of Management, Vol. 4, No. 7, pp. 393 - 396, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2016.040703.

(b). APA Format:
Priyangika J.S.K.C , Cooray T.M.J.A (2016). Analysis of the Sales Checkout Operation in Supermarket Using Queuing Theory. Universal Journal of Management, 4(7), 393 - 396. DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2016.040703.