Linguistics and Literature Studies Vol. 4(4), pp. 275 - 289
DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040405
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The Instructional Influence on the Acquisition of Spanish Subjunctive

Diana Hsien-jen Chin *
Department of Spanish, Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages, Taiwan


The present study investigates whether form-focused instruction enhances Chinese (L1)-English (L2)-Spanish (L3) learners' ability of interpreting the semantic entailment marked by the subjunctive and the indicative moods in Spanish predictive conditional clauses. Three groups participated in the study: (1) the native group (2) the tutored group (3) the untutored group. The tutored group received four-hour form-focused instruction on mood selection in predictive conditional clauses. The results reveal that form-focused instruction facilitates learners' interpretation of the subjunctive mood in conditional clauses. It is most effective in differentiating the irrealis conditions marked by the imperfect subjunctive. The instruction successfully directs Spanish learners' attention to mood morphology and the contextual queues that require the presence of subjunctive. In addition, the instructional effects are retainable.

Form-focused Instruction, Spanish Subjunctive, Chinese-English-Spanish Learners, L3 Acquisition, Mood

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Diana Hsien-jen Chin , "The Instructional Influence on the Acquisition of Spanish Subjunctive," Linguistics and Literature Studies, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 275 - 289, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040405.

(b). APA Format:
Diana Hsien-jen Chin (2016). The Instructional Influence on the Acquisition of Spanish Subjunctive. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 4(4), 275 - 289. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040405.