International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION) Vol. 4(2), pp. 33 - 41
DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2016.040201
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Achieving Community Resilience: Case Study of Cyclone Aila Affected Coastal Bangladesh


Mirza Ali Ashraf *, Satya Brata Shaha
Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief, Bangladesh Secretariat, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to explore the causes of human casualty and property damage by cyclone Aila and associated storm surge in southwestern coastal Bangladesh as well as the mechanisms, which contribute towards the creation of resilient community in the aftermath of cyclones. This paper revealed that at risk people employed various coping and adaptive strategies with their level of exposure and abilities to keep themselves safe in the face of cyclones. Massive destruction occurred due to cyclone and associated storm surge that breached the earthen embankment as well as inundated agricultural land and households. However, early warning dissemination by the cyclone preparedness program volunteers significantly reduced unexpected human casualty. It is realized that climate change is not preventable, but it is possible to protect societies and economies from nature's vicissitudes to some extent by devising appropriate structural and non-structural measures such as providing better information, improved planning and more climate-resilient infrastructure. People from cyclone Aila affected area have been suffering due to livelihood damage and asset base that put community people into poverty trap even though disaster related deaths have been reduced significantly due to different types of structural and non-structural measures. However, people have resorted to different adaptation strategies to come out from the disaster situation and tried to make themselves resilient to disasters. The study clearly illustrates that hand in hand activities of members of the community is needed to develop their capacities to prevent, prepare for, cope with and respond to disasters.

KEYWORDS
Community Resilience, Disaster, Cyclone Aila, Vulnerability

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Mirza Ali Ashraf , Satya Brata Shaha , "Achieving Community Resilience: Case Study of Cyclone Aila Affected Coastal Bangladesh," International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION), Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 33 - 41, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2016.040201.

(b). APA Format:
Mirza Ali Ashraf , Satya Brata Shaha (2016). Achieving Community Resilience: Case Study of Cyclone Aila Affected Coastal Bangladesh. International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION), 4(2), 33 - 41. DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2016.040201.