Universal Journal of Geoscience Vol. 4(2), pp. 41 - 49
DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2016.040204
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Assessment of Fluvial Channel Dynamics of Padma River in Northwestern Bangladesh

Abu Reza Md. Towfiqul Islam 1,2,*
1 College of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China
2 Department of Disaster Management, Begum Rokeya University, Bangladesh


Fluvial channel form and its dynamics over the period of time have been a major interest of study in fluvial geomorphology. The present study deals with the fluvial morphological characteristics of the Padma River in northwestern Bangladesh. Morphological and morpho-dynamic maps of the Padma River were prepared using remote sensing techniques. Sinuosity ratio, braided index and island percentage of the study area were estimated for the year of 1977, 1989 and 2000 respectively. Results showed a remarkable change in position of bank and channel as well as bars along with their geometry and morphology over time. Result also demonstrates that the bank line is unstable and migrated continuously towards westward in the recent decades. In addition, the study reveals that overall width of the Padma River is varied significantly during the last 23 years. Different maps and Landsat images (band 4) depict that the river shifting is abnormal which is alarming for the existence of the study area people. Outcomes of this study obtained from investigating satellite remote sensing imagery provide valuable information about the bank erosion and channel shifting of fluvial morphology of the Padma River and to recommend some protective measures.

Fluvial Morphology, Satellite Remote Sensing, Northwestern Bangladesh, Landsat Images and Channel Shifting

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Abu Reza Md. Towfiqul Islam , "Assessment of Fluvial Channel Dynamics of Padma River in Northwestern Bangladesh," Universal Journal of Geoscience, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 41 - 49, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2016.040204.

(b). APA Format:
Abu Reza Md. Towfiqul Islam (2016). Assessment of Fluvial Channel Dynamics of Padma River in Northwestern Bangladesh. Universal Journal of Geoscience, 4(2), 41 - 49. DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2016.040204.