Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism Vol. 4(2), pp. 25 - 31
DOI: 10.13189/adm.2016.040201
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Effect of Medicinal Mushrooms on L-arginine/NO System in Red Blood Cells of Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats


Taras Y. Vitak 1,*, Solomon P. Wasser 1,2, Eviatar Nevo 2, Natalia O. Sybirna 3
1 Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Natural Science, University of Haifa, Israel
2 Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Israel
3 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine

ABSTRACT

Increase of nitric oxide production resulted in the development of oxidative-nitrosative stress that is considered to be an etiological cause of many diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM). Recently, it was found that red blood cells (RBCs) are able to produce nitric oxide (NO), and due to the ability of hemoglobin to bind to nitric oxide, are the main depot of NO. Medicinal mushrooms are widely used in the correction and treatment of many diseases, including diabetes. Our previous results showed that Agaricus brasiliensis and Ganoderma lucidum have hypoglycemic effects and improve the functional state of RBCs. In this study, the influence of submerged cultivated mycelium powder (SCMP) of the abovementioned mushrooms on the red blood cells L-arginine/NO system of streptozotocin-induced DM rats was investigated. Wistar outbread white rats were used in the study. Streptozotocin was intraperitoneal injected one time at a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight. Mushroom preparations were orally administered at a dose of 1 g/kg/day for 14 days. We showed that administration of medicinal mushrooms SCMP to diabetic animals caused restoration of NO-synthase activity, normalized nitrite content (in case of A. brasiliensis), and led to nitrate growth. Therefore, treatment with mushroom mycelia normalizes the production of nitric oxide to physiological values.

KEYWORDS
Diabetes Mellitus, Streptozotocin, Red Blood Cell, L-arginine, NO, Agaricus brasiliensis, Ganoderma lucidum

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Taras Y. Vitak , Solomon P. Wasser , Eviatar Nevo , Natalia O. Sybirna , "Effect of Medicinal Mushrooms on L-arginine/NO System in Red Blood Cells of Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats," Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 25 - 31, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/adm.2016.040201.

(b). APA Format:
Taras Y. Vitak , Solomon P. Wasser , Eviatar Nevo , Natalia O. Sybirna (2016). Effect of Medicinal Mushrooms on L-arginine/NO System in Red Blood Cells of Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats. Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism, 4(2), 25 - 31. DOI: 10.13189/adm.2016.040201.