Linguistics and Literature Studies Vol. 4(3), pp. 203 - 212
DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040304
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Reading Habits, Language Learning Achievements and Principles for Deep Knowledge

I-Chin Nonie Chiang *
Foreign Language Center, National Chengchi University, Taiwan


This paper intends to understand how the nine principles for deep knowledge (PDK) affect reading habits and language achievements by conducting a small-scale, experimental and statistical study. All 32 students participating in this study exhibit significant traits of PDK. The results suggest that inner-connection principle significantly correlates with academic performances. Deep-and-down and alternating principles significantly correlate with reading habits. Meanwhile, inner-connection principle effectively predicts academic performances and deep-and-low principle effectively forecasts reading habits. The mediating effect of PDK on language achievement is not statistically significant, possibly due to sample size, but nonetheless relevant and valuable to the prediction of reading habits. The development of reading habits for English-language materials takes a long time and good reading habits absolutely have profound impacts on the effectiveness of language learning. The integration of PDK characteristics into the establishment of reading habits can help build good habits in a more effective manner.

Language Learning, Language Achievement, Reading Habit, Habitual Domains, Principles for Deep Knowledge

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] I-Chin Nonie Chiang , "Reading Habits, Language Learning Achievements and Principles for Deep Knowledge," Linguistics and Literature Studies, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 203 - 212, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040304.

(b). APA Format:
I-Chin Nonie Chiang (2016). Reading Habits, Language Learning Achievements and Principles for Deep Knowledge. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 4(3), 203 - 212. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040304.