Linguistics and Literature Studies Vol. 4(2), pp. 142 - 148
DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040207
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Oral Speech: How Much Information is Hidden behind It

Yerchak Mikalai *
Department of Psychology, Minsk State Linguistic University, Belarus


The idea that any thought is a temporary formation, consisting of images, emotions and signs is postulated. Some thoughts may contain only images, others - only emotions, and still others, only words. If thoughts consist only of images or emotions (or both), such thoughts are practically unconscious (we are not aware of them). Other thoughts may consist only of signs or mostly of signs, mixed with images and/or emotions. In this case we are already well aware of the contents of such thoughts. The hypothesis was tested in a laboratory experiment in which the participants were asked to listen to several short stories and give signals every moment they had more or less vivid images or emotions. It was discovered, that images appeared to represent the main characters of a story, to reflect something important or new, some change or choice. Emotions helped generate hypotheses concerning events to happen or serve as a kind of reaction to what had already happened. Later on the participants were requested to recollect some thoughts they had expressed to someone or someone's thoughts expressed to them. Then they were asked to specify whom every idea was addressed, what had been present in the idea but was missing in the oral statement. It was concluded that any thought might be regarded as a 3-D representation which had to be transformed into a one-plane speech expression.

Image, Thought, Sign, Emotion, Speech

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Yerchak Mikalai , "Oral Speech: How Much Information is Hidden behind It," Linguistics and Literature Studies, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 142 - 148, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040207.

(b). APA Format:
Yerchak Mikalai (2016). Oral Speech: How Much Information is Hidden behind It. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 4(2), 142 - 148. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040207.