Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 4(2), pp. 432 - 444
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.040218
Reprint (PDF) (332Kb)

Student Academic Freedom in Egypt: Perceptions of University Education Students

Muhammad M. Zain-Al-Dien *
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Al-Azhar University, Egypt


The purpose of the present study was to investigate student academic freedom from the university education students' point of view in Egypt. This study adopted a survey research design in which the questionnaire was the main data collection instrument. The study participants comprised 800 university education students in Egypt. The result of the study reveals that student academic freedom in Egypt is at moderate level. In general, findings show that student academic freedom is not sorely lacking in the Egyptian universities. Additionally, the study found that there were statistically significant differences in the level of student academic freedom among participants that can be attributed to gender, type of the college and type of the university. The study concludes that many students in Egypt experience some doubt about their academic freedom, creating an uncertainty and instability that presents new challenges for the university administration in Egypt. Serious work still remains in Egyptian universities about a student academic freedom that might help broaden Egyptian students' understandings of the world and their own circumstances.

Academic Freedom, Student Academic Freedom, University Education, Students' Perceptions

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Muhammad M. Zain-Al-Dien , "Student Academic Freedom in Egypt: Perceptions of University Education Students," Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 432 - 444, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.040218.

(b). APA Format:
Muhammad M. Zain-Al-Dien (2016). Student Academic Freedom in Egypt: Perceptions of University Education Students. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 4(2), 432 - 444. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.040218.