Linguistics and Literature Studies Vol. 4(2), pp. 109 - 117
DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040202
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A Case Study of the Linguistic Variety of Women in the Mawelawela Correctional Institution, Swaziland


Lindiwe Simelane *
Department of Instructional Design and Development, Faculty of Institute of Distance Education, University of Swaziland, Swaziland

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the use of a lexical variety used by women prisoners in Swaziland. It analyses whether women prisoners living as a community manipulate language to encode their own terminology in order to remain separate from the dominant society and use expressions that may never be understood by the outside world. The study used the qualitative research design which enabled the researcher to examine the problem from the participants' perspective. It was based at Mawelawela Correctional Institution the only women prison in Swaziland. Data was gathered through the semi-structured face-to-face focus group interview. The interview findings demonstrate that women prisoners coin terminology so that warders, police officers and people from outside the prison will not understand their conversations. They do this mainly to preserve the culture of distancing themselves from the prison authorities, and maintain a distinct linguistic identity. The results of the study suggest that language change has allowed people to manipulate language and even reveal ways in which they use it to encode and have some sort of identity. The interview revealed their attitudes about prison life. They borrow words from other languages to code their language, and also clip words by either cutting the initial part or both the initial and final part of the word. It also discovered that the prisoners use words metaphorically.

KEYWORDS
Linguistic Variety, Lexical Variety, Linguistic Distinctiveness, Attitudinal Expressions, Social Marker

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Lindiwe Simelane , "A Case Study of the Linguistic Variety of Women in the Mawelawela Correctional Institution, Swaziland," Linguistics and Literature Studies, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 109 - 117, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040202.

(b). APA Format:
Lindiwe Simelane (2016). A Case Study of the Linguistic Variety of Women in the Mawelawela Correctional Institution, Swaziland. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 4(2), 109 - 117. DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040202.