Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 4(1), pp. 27 - 42
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2016.040103
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The Simplicity of Complex Systems: The Inquiry into the Nature of Life, Mind, and Death Phenomena (Essay)


Mark Iosim *
Independent Researcher, USA

ABSTRACT

The main goal of this paper is the search for the explanation of life phenomena. These days it is common to employ the concept of emergence as a gateway for an explanation of complex system phenomena like mind and life. However, after almost a century of development, emergentism has not demonstrated that it is a viable alternative to reductionism. In this paper emergence is viewed as an illusion caused by hidden properties of parts observable only during interactions in the system; the system acts as "litmus test" or a "magnifying glass" revealing the parts' properties not observable otherwise. This methodology, when pushed to its limits, leads to the radical conclusion that life phenomena may not be explained within the boundary of existing physical paradigms. Instead, it is argued that panpsychism, which recognizes mental capacity as a fundamental property of matter, is superior to physicalism in explaining not only Life and Mind, but also the notoriously controversial topics of quantum mechanics. There is a high price for accepting this view, because it requires the rejection of fundamental scientific paradigms. However, the reward for the transition to this new paradigm justifies the cost, because the new approach promises to eliminate "weirdness" from the interpretation of quantum mechanics, unite physical and life sciences, and bridge science with spiritual experience. In contemporary science, panpsychism experiences broad unacceptance and is seen as merely a vestige of primitive pre-scientific beliefs. To be taken seriously, panpsychism needs to demonstrate its superiority in the interpretation of natural phenomena. Several examples demonstrating the power of the new paradigm in solving the most challenging problems faced by science are presented in this paper. The examples cover a wide range of scientific inquiries such as interpretation of quantum mechanics, the theory of consciousness and intelligence, emergence of life.

KEYWORDS
Panpsychism, Emergence, Reductionism, Mind, Intelligence, Emergence of Life, Death

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Mark Iosim , "The Simplicity of Complex Systems: The Inquiry into the Nature of Life, Mind, and Death Phenomena (Essay)," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 27 - 42, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2016.040103.

(b). APA Format:
Mark Iosim (2016). The Simplicity of Complex Systems: The Inquiry into the Nature of Life, Mind, and Death Phenomena (Essay). Universal Journal of Psychology, 4(1), 27 - 42. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2016.040103.