Universal Journal of Management Vol. 3(12), pp. 540 - 552
DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2015.031210
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Scale Development of Taiwan Teacher's Sense of Organization Identification --From the Viewpoint of Workplace Spirituality


Wu Ho-Tang 1, Chou Mei-Ju 2,*
1 Department of Education, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Taiwan
2 Department of Early Childhood Education and Center for Teacher Education, National Pingtung University, Taiwan

ABSTRACT

This study adopts workplace spirituality viewpoint to develop Teacher' Sense of Organizational Identification Scale. There are four procedures in process of developing the scale: 1. Literature analysis: In the past, people mainly developed Sense of Organizational Identification Scales by social identification theory or workplace spirituality. Sense of organization identification from scales of workplace spirituality is classified as the organization level, which content can be further divided as sense of goal connection, sense of identification with organization's values, and sense of organization care. Following literature analysis, draft of 18 items was proposed. 2. Reviewed by experts: After the initial draft of the 18 items were reviewed by four experts, one was deleted, one added, fourteen remaining the same, and three modified. 3. Exploratory Factor Analysis(EFA): The 18 items after reviewed by the experts were conducted EFA(N=235), and further divided into item analysis, factor analysis, and reliability analysis. In the first analysis, due to low loading of two items, we deleted them. After analyzed again, the reliability became acceptable. 4. Confirmatory Factor Analysis(CFA): We further investigated 332 teachers to confirm whether the Three Factor model's 16 items are stable. The result showed the initial model fits well. In addition, the initial model's basic fit does not "offends estimation," and the fit of the internal structure is acceptable(including the individual reliability, the composite reliability, the average variation extraction, and the construct discrimination analysis). Up to now, the Three Factor 16 items in the Teacher's Sense of Organizational Identification Scale was established, including sense of connection to organization's goal's(5 items), sense of connected to organization's goals(5 items), and sense of identification with organization's values(6 items). To conclude, the Sense of Organizational Identification Scale with three factor's 16 items has acceptable reliability for relative research.

KEYWORDS
Sense of Organizational Identification, Workplace Spirituality

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Wu Ho-Tang , Chou Mei-Ju , "Scale Development of Taiwan Teacher's Sense of Organization Identification --From the Viewpoint of Workplace Spirituality," Universal Journal of Management, Vol. 3, No. 12, pp. 540 - 552, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2015.031210.

(b). APA Format:
Wu Ho-Tang , Chou Mei-Ju (2015). Scale Development of Taiwan Teacher's Sense of Organization Identification --From the Viewpoint of Workplace Spirituality. Universal Journal of Management, 3(12), 540 - 552. DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2015.031210.